(Invisible) arms pull strings that kill

China dor, plastic dor, Chinese manjha — that is how the lethal string, which has change into a reason for many a deadly and near-fatal accidents to people, animals, and birds in Punjab in the course of the ongoing kite-flying season, is named within the FIRs registered by Punjab Police towards the shopkeepers promoting them.

Incidentally, this “Chinese string”, which has been banned by the successive state governments throughout kite-flying season, isn’t any extra Made in China and is only ‘Made in India’. The Punjab Police, nonetheless, has did not e-book and even attain any of its producers.


The crackdown on Chinese string has remained restricted to only reserving small-time shopkeepers who’re discovered promoting rolls of plastic string and making meager recoveries, reveals an evaluation of FIRs carried out by The Indian Express.

It was in November 2022 that Punjab atmosphere minister Gurmeet Singh Meet Hayer introduced a blanket ban on sale of the Chinese string after a 12-year outdated boy died in Ropar. The string had reduce by means of his neck whereas he was using a cycle. Last week, 4-year outdated Jujhar Singh from Samrala acquired 120 stitches on his face after getting entangled within the string whereas watching kites.

A slit right here, a reduce there
In an one other horrifying incident, the throat of a lady from Doraha was slit after getting entangled within the plastic kite string. In her criticism to Khanna Police, Shubhneet Kaur mentioned that on January 15, she was coming back from work on her two-wheeler when the plastic string connected to a kite slit her throat. She began bleeding profusely and seeing her severe situation, native medical doctors referred her to SPS Hospital Ludhiana.

An FIR was registered on her criticism underneath the sections 308 (Attempt to commit culpable murder), 188, 427 of IPC towards unidentified individuals at Doraha police station.

The Indian Express accessed a few of the rolls confiscated by the police from violators, and an evaluation reveals that they belong to totally different manufacturers — all of them manufactured within the nation itself, and a few with none description or firm identify. Some rolls had been additionally full of a warning on them that “they should not be used for kite flying” however had been being bought ‘illegally’ as they’re sharper and sturdier than regular ‘manjha’, mentioned an officer.

For occasion, majority of rolls confiscated by the police belong to the model ‘Monokite’, which additionally has a ‘Made in India’ stamp on it, and the outline says: ‘Monokite Magic Manjha, World’s Best Manjha for Fighter Kite’. It additional provides ‘India’s finest Manjha — made utilizing German Technology’. Some rolls from this model even have a WhatsApp quantity talked about on them.

Another kind of thread rolls confiscated by Ludhiana rural police is ‘Super Manjha’ which has ‘Super’ written on it English and Hindi however with none particulars of the producer. Another confiscated set of rolls has ‘Welyn Mono’ written as model identify, once more with a stamp of ‘Make in India’ however with a warning that ‘it is for industrial use only’.

Among different rolls confiscated by police are these with ‘Gold’ written on them however with none description of producer and a warning saying ‘Not to be used for kite flying’. Another set of rolls manufactured by ‘JK Special Manjha’ from Bareilly of Uttar Pradesh and ‘Birds Season’ have additionally been confiscated by police however surprisingly with no single FIR or any motion towards its producers.

Behind Punjab Police’s ailing crackdown on plastic kite string and its sale nonetheless happening unabated are a number of loopholes — the violators are being booked underneath cognizable offence sections they usually safe bail on the spot; there’s lack of uniformity on the sections being imposed; no FIR has been registered towards any producer or the again finish suppliers of the lethal string; and in some circumstances violators are even being let off with out FIR on account of political strain.

Legal loopholes
Speaking to The Indian Express, an investigating officer who confiscated 30 rolls from a shopkeeper mentioned: “Although we had arrested him, he was released on bail within minutes and we could not question him even for a minute about the manufacturer from where he got the rolls. There was a call from a senior official to release him at the earliest as he had political approach.”

An evaluation of the FIRs from Ludhiana district reveals that from January 10 to January 17, which was the height kite-flying season on account of Lohri competition, a complete of 38 FIRs had been registered and 434 rolls of banned string had been confiscated. However, not a single FIR had point out of any producer or provider of the string however solely small shopkeepers who had been promoting the string had been booked, arrested and launched on bail.

From January 10 to 17, Ludhiana metropolis police registered solely 8 FIRs and recovered 138 rolls. Ludhiana rural police registered 9 FIRs and recovered 110 rolls whereas Khanna Police registered 21 FIRs and recovered 186 rolls. However, in majority of those circumstances, there was meager restoration of two to 24 rolls solely from every vendor. Only in two circumstances, Ludhiana rural police managed most restoration of fifty and 31 rolls, respectively.

The evaluation additional reveals that there was no uniformity amongst totally different police districts in imposition of sections within the FIRs. While Ludhiana metropolis police has been reserving offenders underneath part 188 (disobedience to the orders duly promulgated by public servant) and 336 (endangering human life) of IPC, together with part 51 of Wildlife Protection Act and 15 of Environment Protection Act, the Ludhiana rural and Khanna Police have been registering FIRs underneath part 188 of IPC solely. However, with part 188 of IPC being cognizable, violators are launched instantly by police on bail.

Homemade, but Chinese
Jagraon DSP Satvinder Singh mentioned that just about a decade again, the plastic kite string was once imported from China however in recent times, it’s being manufactured throughout the nation. “But since it originated from China, it is still popularly called China dor.”

Inspector Inderjit Singh, SHO Jagraon metropolis, mentioned, “Majority of rolls confiscated do not have details of manufacturers on them while some have brand names mentioned. We are trying to reach the manufacturers in due course of probe.”
Ludhiana police commissioner Mandeep Singh Sidhu mentioned that not all producers will be legally held accountable as they’ve clarified on the product that it was not meant for kite flying.

“The metallic, plastic string is also used in industries and for weaving cots. Many rolls have this warning written on them but it is being sold by kite shops illegally,” mentioned Sidhu.

Khanna SP (investigation) Pragya Jain mentioned that they had been working to search out the backend linkages and attain the suppliers of the banned kite string.

Police officers mentioned that the one method they acknowledge the plastic string throughout raids is thru contact.

“The raids are conducted on the basis of secret information. Unlike the normal glass coated string which easily breaks when pulled, this plastic string doesn’t break and instead cuts through the skin,” mentioned a senior police official.

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